lifecycleWeb

Malaria

Malaria is the disease widespread in less economically developed countries, which is often looked down at, perceived as a “poor man’s disease”. Malaria plasmodia parasites live within the saliva of the mosquitoes who usually ingest them when feeding on blood. These parasites are then released into the blood of a person mosquito bites.
Dangers of malaria:
– Malaria causes severe fever and overall weakness as more and more blood cells are taken over by parasites.
– People with malaria have dangers of literally falling asleep to never wake up due to lack of oxygen as their red blood cells are destroyed by plasmodia.
– Eventually, without treatment, malaria leads to death from organ failure as they stop receiving sufficient amounts of oxygen from the blood.

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Dengue fever

Dengue fever, also sometimes called “breakbone fever” and “tropical fever”, is a mosquito-borne disease, symptoms of which include sudden high fever, vomiting, pain behind the eyes, severe joint and muscle pain, nausea, easier bleeding and skin rashes. It is widespread in India, subcontinental Asia, Southern China, Taiwan and Pacific islands.
Dangers of dengue fever:
– Often symptoms are mild and easily mistaken for cases of simple flu. However, dangerous complications may develop, fatal without proper treatment.

– One of these complications is dengue hemorrhagic fever which is characterized by high fever, damage to blood and lymph vessels and may lead to death from circulatory (cardiovascular) system failure due to bleeding and low levels of plasma and blood platelets (cells that allow wounds to clot).

– Unstoppable bleeding, shock and death as a result of this complication is called dengue shock syndrome (DSS).

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Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis, also known as the “silent killer”, is an infectious disease, most usually affecting the lungs, and having the initial symptoms similar to a severe case of common cold. They include frequent, painful coughing, result of which may be coughing up bloody mucus, fatigue, fever, weight loss and chest pains. Tuberculosis bacteria live in infectious “pockets” in the patients lungs, which results in the immune system attacking and dissolving the lung tissue in an attempt to kill the infection – this is what causes coughing up blood and eventually kills the person.
Dangers:
– Tuberculosis synergises with HIV/AIDS, and is the leading killer of people infected with the HIV.

– Over 95% of cases of tuberculosis nowadays occur in the developing countries where proper TB treatment and diagnosis are unavailable.

– Tuberculosis is becoming resistant to drugs used for its treatment. Approximately 480,000 people in 2013 have developed a form of drug-resistant TB, making it extremely hard to treat.

HIV/AIDS

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The HIV/AIDS virus (human immunodeficiency virus, which can develop into acquired immune deficiency syndrome) is probably the biggest menace for the people living in less developed countries and remote communities. HIV is the virus that is currently incurable, which causes gradual degradation and shutdown of human immune system. While itself it is not lethal, it leads to condition known as AIDS, which synergizes with any other disease patient catches, the infection taking advantage of a weakened immune system and taking much more dangerous form than usually. Most common diseases can be lethal for those who are infected with HIV/AIDS.

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Because this disease is incurable, the most that can be done to control it is prevent the spread of it and periodically “reinforce” patient’s immunity with retroviral drugs. Such drugs, however, can be hard to come by even in developed countries – so it goes without saying it’s hard to obtain them in areas remote from civilization.

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However, IXDOS will carry these drugs on board and provide relief for those affected with HIV/AIDS in remote communities.